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The Valley of Flowers National Park is the second core zone of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. The Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve is located in the northern part of western Himalayas and comprises parts of Chamoli district in Garhwal, Bageshwar and Pithoragarh districts of Kumaon in Uttarakhand. The vegetation of the reserve comprises of temperate, sub-alpine and alpine types. The temperate and sub-alpine zones are dominated by broad leaved deciduous forests, evergreen coniferous forests and also includes agriculture lands and settlements. There are 47 villages in the Biosphere Reserve. It is also home to a wide variety of mammals & birds.
The Valley of Flowers is nearly 5 km in length and 2 km in width. Its altitudinal range varies from 3200 to 6675 m. The park is surrounded by Gauri Parbat (6590 m) and Rataban (6126 m) in the east, Kuntkhal (4430 m) in the west, Saptsring (5030 m) in the south and Nilgiri Parvat (6479 m) in the north. River Pushpawati which has its source in the Tipra Glacier flows through this valley.

Legend associates this valley with Ramayana, with this being the area from where Hanumanji collected 'Sanjeevani' herb to revive Lakshman. Together the Valley of Flowers and Nanda Devi National Parks encompass a unique transition zone between the mountain ranges of the Zanskar and Great Himalaya, praised by mountaineers and botanists for over a century and in Hindu mythology for much longer. They were declared as World Heritage sites in 1988 by UNESCO.

Flowers of the Valley
Almost 300 species of wild flowers bloom here. Some of which are: Anemone, Geranium, Marsh Marigold, Primula, Potentilla, Geum, Lilium, Himalayan Blue Poppy, Aconitum, Delphinum, Morina, Ranunculus, Corydalis, Inula, Brahma Kamal, Campanula, Pedicularis, Trysimum, Impatiens, Bistorta, Ligularia, Anaphalis, Saxifrages, Lobelia, Thermophis, Trollius, Aquilogia, Codonopsis, Dactylorhiza, Rhododendrons, Cypripedium, Sibbaldia, Strawberry, Epilobium and numerous others. Most of the flowers have medicinal value.

The valley remains in bloom for three months while the floral composition keeps changing every few days. By September, the hue starts changing and the entire vegetation remains dormant for about five months when the valley is snow bound. Also found are Himalayan birds, an amazing variety of butterflies, tendula, musk deer, Himalayan bear, Himalayan mouse hare, blue sheep (bharal), snow leopard, etc. Since camping and overnight stay is not allowed in the Valley of Flowers, Ghangria is the base camp for the trek.

Dos & Don’ts

  • The visiting team will have to hire guide/porter from the local villages which fall in the trek route. Hiring of guides or porters from outside will not be allowed.
  • The garbage generated by the expedition shall be removed by them and they shall abide by the terms and conditions as stipulated by the Forest Department for this purpose.
  • Carry a bag for collection of garbage and other litter. Pack out all non-biodegradable rubbish; burn papers carefully. Do not drop cigarette butts or candy wrappers.
  • Ask before photographing people. Do not pay money for it.
  • Use toilets wherever available. Where toilets are not available, use areas at least 20-30 m from streams and water sources. Dispose off washing and bathing water well away from streams, use biodegradable soaps.
  • Wear good hiking shoes/boots as trails can be slippery and rocky. Do not go off the trail. This will lead to soil erosion. Follow only the approved routes.
  • Use non-wood fuel for cooking, heating and lighting.
  • Don’t destroy, trample, collect or remove any plant and animal specimen whether live or dead or any geological specimen.
  • Don’t carry and introduce any alien seeds or propagation material of any plant species and don’t carry and introduce any exotic animals or pets.
  • Don’t try to feed any wild animal.
  • Don’t deface, put sign boards, write or paint on the tree trunks/rocks/trees or any infrastructure (camping huts, boundary walls and pillars).
  • Don’t carry instruments, implements, tools, arms, firearms or chemicals harmful to wildlife and vegetation.
  • Don’t camp or stay for the night inside the park.
  • Don’t go for mountaineering, climbing, swimming or any type of adventure activity.
  • Don’t shout, hoot, play audio tapes/radio inside the park.

Useful Information

Entry Fee Indians Foreigners
1. a. Entrance fee per head for first three days: Rs. 50 Rs. 350
b. For additional each days: Rs. 25 Rs. 150
2. Camera Fee
a. Still camera (non-professional)    
Free Free
b. Still camera (professional)     Rs. 100     Rs. 100    
c. Movie/Video (non-professional)     Free     Free    
d. Movie/Video (professional) Rs. 100 Rs. 100

3. Filming Charges
a. Feature film per day

Rs. 20000 Rs. 20000
b. Documentary film per day Rs. 2500 Rs. 5000
4. Security for above
a. Feature film per day
Rs. 50000 Rs. 100000
b. Documentary film per day Rs. 25000 Rs. 50000

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