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Sights to See

Virupaksha temple

Built by Queen Lokamahadevi in 745 to commemorate her husband's (Vikramadiyta II) victory over the Pallavas, the temple is influenced by the architecture of the Kailasanatha temple at Kanchipuram. The Virupaksha temple later served as a model for the Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna I (757 -783 A.D.) to carve out the great Kailasa at Ellora.

The Virupaksha is a large complex consisting of a tall vimana with axial mandapas and peripheral sub-shrines round the court, enclosed by a wall with gopura-entrances in front and behind, all designed and completed at one time. As such, this is the earliest extant temple-complex in the Chalukyan series. The massive gopuras are also the earliest. The compound-wall of the complex, following the plan of the group itself, has on its coping kuta and said-heads, suggestive of a derivation from the Shore-temple at Mahabalipuram-a device which gives the impression of a lower storey when viewed from a distance.

Oldest temple in Pattadakal the Sangamesvara temple exhibits to a large degree the southerly elements in their vimanas, as crystallized in the contemporary Pallava temples. Built by Chalukya King Vijayaditya Satyashraya (697-733 AD), the temple has no sukanasika. The main vimana of the Sangamesvara is of three storeys. The lowermost storey is surrounded by two walls, the inner and outer, the second storey being an upward projection of the inner wall, while the outer wall encloses the covered circumambulatory round the sanctum.

Mallikarjuna Temple
Built by another queen of Vikramadiyta II, the temple was built immediately after the Virupaksha. It is a smaller temple with a four-storeyed vimana with a circular griva and sikhara. It has more or less a similar plan.
Kashivisvanatha Temple, Kadasiddhesvara and Jambulingeswara temples, Galganatha temple, Jaina Narayana, Naganatha temple, Chandrashekara temple and Mahakuteshwara temple are the famous shrines in Pattadakal.

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